Today Quiz Master – 05-Sep-2019

Today Quiz Master – 05-Sep-2019

1.   In which year E.V. Ramasamy became the Chairman of Erode Municipality?

A) 1907                        B)  1909

C) 1917                        D)  1919

Explanation                   Ans : (C)

As a member of the congress party, EV Ramasamy became the chairman of the Erode municipality in 1917 and fought extensively for the use of khadi and the boycott of foreign clothes. He also spoke out vehemently against untouchability. E V R took an active part in the Non cooperation movement and the Temperance movement in 1921 – 1922.

2.   The Battle of Talikota was fought in the year

A) 1575                        B)  1565

C) 1545                        D)  1555

Explanation                   Ans : (B)

The Battle of Talikota was a battle fought between Vijayanagar Empire and the Deccan sultanates. It was fought at Talikota or Rakshasi-Tangadi in January 1565 in which Ramaraya, in spite of his old age, personally commanded the forces along with his cousins and brothers. In the final stages, the battle was lost. Ramaraya was imprisoned and executed immediately.

3.   When did the Prime Minister of India inaugurate the country’s longest rail-cum-road bridge built over the Brahmaputra river at Bogibeel near Dibrugarh in Assam?

A) On November 25, 2018

B) On December 25, 2018

C) On December 10, 2018

D) On November 10, 2018

Explanation                   Ans : (B)

Bogibeel bridge, the longest rail-cum-road bridge on  Brahmaputra river in the north eastern state of Assam  was inaugurated by prime minister Narendra Modi on 25th December 2018 on the occasion of Good Governance Day. It is Asia’s 2nd longest rail-cum-road bridge and has a serviceable period of around 120 years. This rail cum road bridge connects Dhemaji district and Dibrugarh district in Assam through National Highway 15. The Bogibeel bridge traces its origin to the Assam Accord of 1985 and was one of several major infrastructural projects to be set up in Assam in accordance with the pact. The foundation stone of the bridge was laid on January 1997 by the then Prime Minister H.D. Deva Gowda. However due to various reasons the construction of the bridge  was started only in 2002 during the tenure of then Prime Minister, A.B. Vajpayee. Due to its location, the bridge is of strategic importance to India as it will significantly enhance India’s ability to transport troops and supplies to its border areas near the Tibet.

4.   Golden rice is a genetically modified crop. Where the incorporated gene is meant for biosynthesis of

A) Vitamin A                B)  Vitamin B

C) Vitamin C                D)  Vitamin D

Explanation                  Ans : (A)

Rice is the staple food in many countries, especially in Asia. However it has low nutrient content. In order to counter this nutrient deficiency, the genetically modified ‘golden rice’ is introduced. Golden Rice is a new type of rice that contains beta-carotene (Pro vitamin A), which is converted into vitamin – A as needed by the body and gives the grain its golden colour. This rice is intended to complement current strategies in the fight against Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) and is intended to supply up to 30-50% of the estimated average requirement of vitamin A for preschool age children, pregnant and lactating mothers.

5.   Most widely used bioweapon is

A) Bacillus subtilis         

B) Vibrio cholerae

C) Bacillus anthracis      

D) Escherichia coli

Explanation                   Ans : (C)

Robert Koch (1876) discovered the bacterium Bacillus anthracis which causes anthrax disease in livestock and humans. Bacillus anthracis, the etiologic agent of anthrax is a Gram positive, spore forming, non-motile bacterium. This is supposed to be one of the most potent Biological Weapon because its spores are extremely resistant to natural conditions and can survive for several years in the environment. Weaponization has been accomplished in the past by at least five state bioweapons programs – those of the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, Russia and Iraq and has been attempted by several other countries.

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