1. A national religion called Din-i-Ilahi was promulgated by
A) Babar B) Humayun
C) Akbar D) Jahangir
Explanation : Ans : (C)
Akbar discussed personally with the leading lights of different religions like Purushotam and Devi (Hinduism), Meherji Rana (Zorastrianism), the Portugese Aquaviva and Monserrate (Christianity) and Hira Vijaya Suri (Jainism) to ascertain the Truth. Because of the discussions he felt that behind the multiplicity of names there was but one God. The exact word used by Akbar and Badauni to illustrate the philosophy of Akbar is Tauhid-i-Ilahi namely Din Ilahi. Tauhid-i-Ilahi literally meant divine monotheism.
Akbar, in a foreign land, found that he was isolated religiously from its major population of Hindus. With their support only, he thought, he could have a peaceful and powerful empire.
Hence he married Rajput princess. Not satisfied with this, he promoted a religion called Din-i- Ilahi. It contained the religious principles and dogmos of majority religions of India and the World. He encouraged not only Hindus, but Roman Catholics, Zoroastrians, Jains and even atheists. He invited philosophers also from all over India. Unfortunately, inspite of royal favour, his Din-i-Ilahi (Faith of Divine) had a few followers.
2. In 1982, the Agricultural Refinances and Development Corporation was merged into
A) NABARD B) LDB
C) RRBs D) SBI
Explanation : Ans : (A)
Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC): With the aim of bridging the gap in agricultural finance and to extend credit for projects involving agricultural development, an organization called the Agricultural Refinance Development Corporation (ARDC) was established by an Act of Parliament and it started functioning from July 1,1963.
A National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), was set up in July 1982 by an Act of Parliament to take over the functions of ARDC and the refinancing functions of RBI in relation to co-operative banks and RRBs.
3. Which of the following compounds of nitrogen is called ‘Laughing gas’?
A) NO Nitric oxide
B) N2O Nitrous oxide
C) NO2 Nitrogen dioxide
D) N2O2 Nitrogen pentoxide
Explanation : Ans : (B)
Nitrous Oxide : Molecular formula for Nitrous Oxide is N2O.
At room temperature, it is colourless, non-flammable gas with a slight metallic scent taste.
It is commonly known as laughing gas.
It is used in dentistry and surgery, as an anesthetic and analgesic.
4. Central Leather Research Institute is located in ………..
A) Karaikudi B) Vellore
C) Mysore D) Chennai
Explanation : Ans : (D)
Central Leather Research Institute :
CLRI is the world’s largest leather research institute in terms of research papers and patents. The institute located in Chennai, Tamilnadu was founded on 24 April 1948 as a constituent laboratory under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
The objective of the institute was to deal with all aspects of the leather industry. It carries out research and development in areas such as adapted preservation methods for new hides and skins, improvement of existing leather with respect to shrink age and colour fastness, tanning and finishing techniques, control of environmental pollution, and product design and development of garments, shoes and other articles.
The institute also offers technical assistance through training courses on design development, sample making and fabrication, consultancy, preparation of feasibility reports, quality control, among various other activities.
5. Global wind day is observed on
A) 5th August B) 15th June
C) 15th December D) 5th October
Explanation : Ans : (B)
Global Wind Day is a worldwide event that occurs annually on 15 June. It is organised by Wind Europe and Global Wind Energy Council. It is a day when wind energy is celebrated, information is exchanged and adults and children find out wind energy, its power and the possibilities it holds to change the world. In association with EWCA and GWEC, national wind energy associations and companies involved in wind energy production organise events in many countries around the world.