Which one of the following is an artificial lake?
A) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu)
B) Kolleru (Andhra Pradesh)
C) Nainital (Uttarakhand)
D) Renuka (Himachal Pradesh)
Explanation : Ans : (A)
Kodaikanal Lake, also known as Kodai Lake is a manmade lake located in the Kodaikanal city in Dindigul district in Tamil Nadu, India. Sir Vere Henry Levinge, the then Collector of Madurai, was instrumental in creating the lake in 1863, amidst the Kodaikanal town which was developed by the British and early missionaries from USA. The lake is said to be Kodaikanal’s most popular geographic landmark and tourist attraction.
Kolleru lake :
It is largest fresh water lake in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located between Krishna and Godavari deltas. It spans into two districts of Andhra Pradesh-
Krishna and West Godavari. It was declared as wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, and designated wetland of international importance in November 2002 under Ramsar Convention.It is important habitat for resident and migratory birds, including the grey or spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis). Many birds migrate here in winter, such as Siberian crane, ibis, and painted storks.
Nainital Lake :
Nainital Lake is a natural lake of tectonic origin located in the Kumaon Himalaya (between 29°24 N 79°28 E and 29.4°N 79.47°E) at an altitude of
1938 m above sea level. The kidney shaped lake is 1432 m long and 42 m
wide with a water spread area of 48.76 h. Its maximum depth is 42 m. The lake is flanked by steep hills which are covered by mixed oakconifer
Renuka wetland is a small natural lake situated in the Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is fed by a small stream arising from lower Himalayan
hills. The hills that surround the Renuka Lake are covered with dense subtropical forests. It is known for its rich biodiversity besides being
important religious place of worship. It was declared as Ramsar site on 08/11/2005 owing to the compliance of criteria 3 & 4 as described below :
• Wetland supports populations of animal/plant species important for maintaining biological diversity.
• Wetland providing refuge to wildlife during adverse condition.
The lake and its surrounding area is a Renuka Wild life sanctuary. According to faunal survey, Renuka Lake has 443 species of animals ranging from protozoa to mammals