1. Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna mission in ……….
A) 1898 A.D. B) 1897 A.D.
C) 1858 A.D. D) 1859 A.D.
Explanation : Ans : (B)
It was founded by Swami Vivekananda on 1 May 1897. It is a Hindu religious and spiritual organisation. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was poor priest in a temple in Dakshineshwar, Kolkata and he had no formal education and his chief disciple was Vivekananda, a young graduate of Calcutta university. Vivekananda carried Ramakrishna’s messages all over the world. Vivekananda attended ‘Parliament of Religions’ held in Chicago in 1893 and his speech there had a great impact worldwide. The mission runs many schools and colleges and render help during calamities.
2. Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioners of India ?
A) The President of India
B) Prime minister of India
C) Chief Justice of India
D) Chief secretary of India
Explanation : Ans : (A)
The Election Commission is a permanent and an independent body established by the Constitution of India directly to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
Article 324 of the Constitution of India provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to the Parliament, state legislatures, the office of President of India and the office of Vice-President of India shall be vested in the election commission. Thus, the Election commission is an all-India body in the sense that is common to both the Central government and the State government.
Article 324 of the Constitution of India has made the following provisions with regard to the composition of election commission :
The Election Commission shall consist of the chief election commissioner and such number of other election commissioners, if any, as the president may from time to time fix.
The appointment of the chief election commissioner and other election commissioners shall be made by the President.
When any other election commissioner is also appointed, the chief election commissioner shall act as the chairman of the election commission.
The President may also appoint after consultation with the election commission such regional commissioners as he may consider necessary to assist the election commission.
The conditions of service and tenure of office of the election commissioners and the regional commissioners shall be determined by the president.
The chief election commissioner and the two other election commissioners have equal powers and receive equal salary, allowances and other perquisites, which are similar to those of a judge of the supreme Court. In case of difference of opinion amongst the Chief Election Commissioner or other two election commissioner, the matter is decided by the commission by majority.
They hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. They can resign at any time or can also be removed before the expiry of their term.
3. Match the following :
a) Basic goods 1) Cars
b) Capital goods 2) Plywood
c) Consumer goods 3) Machineries
d) Intermediate goods 4) Cement
a) b) c) d)
A) 4 1 2 3
B) 4 3 1 2
C) 4 3 2 1
D) 3 4 1 2
Explanation : Ans : (C)
Capital goods : The goods which are repeatedly used in the process of production. They are the fixed assets of the producer. (e.g) building, plant and machinery. They help to convert intermediate goods into finished goods.
Consumer goods : The goods which are directly used for satisfaction of human wants and which are not used in production for other purposes, are known as consumer goods. (e.g) Car, A.C, Milk and ice-cream.
Intermediate goods : The goods purchased by a firm for the use in production of other goods or for the purpose of reselling, are known as intermediate goods. (e.g) plywood, steel.
Basic goods : Basic goods are those material things used to satisfy human requirements that are needed to survive like food, shelter and clothing. (e.g) Clothing, Rice, Cement for construction
4. Black soil is formed due to the weathering of ……….
A) Igneous rocks
B) Metamorphic rocks
C) Sedimentary rocks
D) Crystalline rocks
Explanation : Ans : (A)
Black Soil is formed from the weathering of igneous rocks. It is found in the valleys of the Godavari, Krishna, Narmada and Tapti. The soil is deposited at about six meters depth. They vary in colour from deep black to chestnut brown. It is fine – grained and generally rich in lime, iron, potash, alumina, calcium and magnesium carbonates, but lack in phosphorus, nitrogen and organic matter. It has no special property of holding moisture. Hence it is suitable for the cultivation of Virginia tobacco, oilseeds like linseed, sunflower, fruits and vegetables. Black soil is more suitable for the cultivation of cotton, rice, wheat, jowar, millets, sugarcane, Black soil is also found in the Deccan trap, comprising the greater part of Maharastra, Gujarat, part of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and southern districts of Tamil Nadu.
5. Which organelle is absent in human sperm
C) Endoplasmic reticulum
Explanation : Ans : (C)
Each mature spermatozoan is a motile cell. It has an oval flat head having an acrosome and a large nucleus containing chromosomal material. The head is followed by a short neck, a body (middle piece) and a long tail. The middle piece contains spiral mitochondrial sheaths which are the site of energy production. The tail has a main piece and an end.